Sights of the Civilization




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    7 Days Trip to Syria for only Euro 994 / per person (group rate).

Further special offers (76 kb PDF)
  • incl. Transfer Damascus-Airport - Lodging - Transfers to the sights
  • incl. all entrances to sights, dues and taxes
  • incl. bilingual accompanying guide
  • individual schedule - all over the year
  • Hotels = standard to high class

Short distances

Locations in Syria

Distances between  
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Exemplary trip

The historical importance of Syria is due to its unique position at the meeting point of three continents, Asia, Africa and Europe, the crossroads between the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Nile. The Silk Road led from China to Doura-Europos (Salhieh), from Palmyra, and Homs to Syria's coastal ports on the Mediterranean. This geographical position lent distinction to the country, not only as a trade and caravan route but also as a melting-pot of ideas, beliefs and talents.
Arrival Aleppo Airport
Aleppo boasts to be one of the oldest cities in the world. Its acropolis, where a superb 12th Century citadel is obvious today, hides many vestiges of successive civilisations who ruled this area.





Trading centre Aleppo
Visiting the National Museum in Aleppo. We will discover art collections and treasures from the presyrian period.

Aleppo's archaeological museum offers treasures of pieces from Ebla Royal archives' tablets to findings in North Eastern Syria (Tell Halaf, Arslan Tash, Tell Ahmar).

Strolling on Old Aleppo lanes and we will reach the probably most beautiful Souq of the Orient.





Saint Simeon
St. Simeon cathedral, where St. Simeon stayed for 40 years on top of a column in the fifth century. Terminated in 491, it was then the biggest church in the world.

This citadel is 60 km north-west of Aleppo. It was named after the hermit Saint Simon (Sam'an), a shepherd from northern Syria, who became a monk after a revelation in a dream. Following Saint Simon's death in 459, the Emperor Zenon ordered that a cathedral be built where the saint used to pray.

The layout was original, centering on the famous column from which Saint Simon used to preach. Four basilicas, arranged in the shape of a cross, opened into an octagon covered by a dome, in the center of which stood the holy column.

It is a beautiful church built on the ridge of the hill where Saint Simon had taken up "residence". Simplicity and harmony combine to make the ruins of the Basilica of St. Simon (an earthquake destroyed parts of the church less than half a century after it had been built) a masterpiece of christian art in Syria.

In the 10th century, some towers and walls were erected. It was then called "Qal'at Sam'an" (Simon's Citadel).
The Syrian Riviera, Lattakia, Ebla, Apame.
The meditteranean Syrian coast consists of long stretches of beach and green mountains. These mountains are covered with pine and oak trees, and their slopes touch shore. This landscape repeats itself from Ras al-Basit in the north to Tartus in the south. On the mountains are scattered villages and towns with springs of clear mineral water.

The Beaches. The Syrian seashore is about 175 km long, and its numerous beaches are distinguished by soft sand, unpolluted sea, moderate climate and clear blue sky.

Sergella is one of the 500 Dead Cities of the north. Ghost cities built between the 4th and 7th century and disappeared around the 9th century. This site comprises extensive remains of houses, a church, baths, tombs and sarcophagi – a complete Byzantine settlement in a superb and isolated setting. There is what is known as andron or men’s meeting place. East of andron, you will find a small triple-naved church.

Apamea, one of the four cities founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BC. It enjoyed the advantage of rich pasture to provide a breeding centre for horses. The theatre, baths, temples and villas were constructed during the town's peak prosperity on 2nd century AD.

The colonnaded main street was completed in its present form during the reign of Marcus Aurelius. Apamea remained a centre of considerable importance. It was made the capital of "Syria Secunda" province in the early 5th century and was the seat of a bishop. The Prince of Aleppo Nur-Al-Din Zangui retook it in 1149.

Ebla, the old capital that was discovered in 1977 and with its 15000 tablets from the third Millennium BC. The outer walls of the citadel were up to 30 m thick, pierced by four gateways flanked by wide bastions topped with towers. The citadel includes two extensive residential areas on the north and west sides of the acropolis. The best preserved remains are the segements of the royal palace so far exposed on the west side of the citadel, giving some idea of the city’s splendour during its apogee.

These remains include the royal quarters on the upper part of the west side; on the slopes, an administrative area linked to a monumental audience court and stairway; and a residential district linked to the palace at the foot of the citadel. Three underground chambers formed out of natural caves lay beneath the administrative area and were later (18C BC) used for princely burials during the period 1125-1650. North of the mound are remains of an Amorite palace under a villa and (to the north) a temple to the sun god, Shamash.


 

 


Ugarit - Crac des Chevaliers
Visiting the mediterranean port Ugarit where the earliest alphabet greatly simplified record taking and accounting. Thirty symbols constituted a simply method of recording language than the unwidely pictogram based cuneiform.

The most famous medieval citadel in the world, Qal'at al-Hosn is 65 km west of Homs and 75 south-east of Tartus. It is 650 m above sea-level. It was built in order to control the so called "Homs Gap", the gateway to Syria.

In ancient times the importance of this corridor was immense. It was of crucial importance to the Crusaders and other Foreigners on their way to the coast. Crac des Chevaliers was built on the site of a former castle erected by the emirs of Homs. "Crac" is a modification of the Arab word "Qal'a". The citadel covers an area of 3000 square meters and has 13 huge towers, in addition to many stores, tanks, corridors, bridges and stables. It can accommodate 5000 persons with their horses, their equipment and provisions for five years.
Town of Queen Zenobia
Visiting Palmyra (UNESCO-
Monument)
includes visiting the museum, the temples of Bell, Baal Shamin and Nebo, the Roman Bath, the main colonnaded street, The Tetrapyle Diocletian's Camp & the Tomb's Valley.






Discovering Maalula
Maalula has three claims to fame: its setting, its early Christian associations and the resistance of the villagers (until recently) to the final replacement of Aramaic by Arabic as the language of communication.

The language spoken by Christ and the popular lingua franca has remained in active use to the present day. However, even the survival of West Aramaic (Syriac) as a spoken tongue indicates the tenacity with which the inhabitants of Maalula have clung to their identity.
Damascus - Paradise on Earth.
Damascus: there are many interesting places to visit in Damascus such as the National Museum, the Old Bazaar, Umayyad Mosque,Azem Palace, Via Recta, Anaia's House, Bab Charki & St Paul's Window.

Bab Sharqui (the East Gate, 2nd century AD), the Christian part of old Damascus. It is at Bab Sharqui that starts the "StreetCalled Straight" (Decumanus) of Damascus (the Via Recta cited in the Bible).

House of Ananias, Damascus´ Bishop at the time when " "Saul de Tarse" came from Jerusalem escorted by his soldiers to arrest the Christians of Damascus. It was St Paul who converted on the "Road to Damascus" and who probably sought shelter at Ananiashouse.

St Paul Chapel is said to mark the spot where Saul was lowered over the walls in a basket. The Arabs made a re-fortification to the Roman walls but added seven towers and a major bastion of which only one tower survives. Set into its walls is a 20th century chapel built and maintained by the Greek Catholics.

Azem Palace, an Arabian Nights Palace, built in the middle of the 17th century as the residence of city governor. The house contains inside courts, fountains and a private Hammam (Syrian bath).


Old Damascus.
The old covered souqs of Damascus have a unique flavour you can savor with eyes closed. As you walk about in the warm darkness of these streets with their fragrant scents, spices, and colourful merchandise spilling out of the shops onto the pavements, you enter the strange world of exotic legend. Most prominent of these are:
  • Souq al-Hamidiyeh
  • Souq Midhat Pasha
  • Souq al-Harir
  • Souq Al-Bzourieh
Syria and Rome
Situated in the vast Hawran plain, 145 kilometres south of Damascus. It is an extremely ancient city mentioned in the lists of Tutmose III and Akhenaten in the 15th century B.C.

Bosra was made the hub of an important network of trade routes. Bosra played a significant role in the history of early Christianity. Bosra was a Monophysite center.

The most interesting part of the city today is the famous theatre built in the 2nd century A.D., which seats 15 thousand spectators, and is considered one of the most beautiful and well preserved amphitheatres in the world.

The stage is 45 metres long and 8 metres deep. Every summer, it hosts Arab and international performers who entertain audiences during the Bosra Art Festival against a majestic background of columns and arches.


Departure Damascus
We are gratefull for having been offered the opportunity to present Syria. See eachother in Syria.




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